# Right Cylinder Calc: find A, V, A_l, A_b

Right cylinder calc is an advanced tool that finds the area, volume, lateral area and base area of a right cylinder. Enter some of your selected values to calculate other parameters or keep reading the article below to learn about all the equations we have used. The notation is as follows:

**r**- radius of a circle (base),**h**- height of a cylinder,**A**- total surface area of a cylinder (right cylinder calc: find A),**V**- volume of a cylinder (right cylinder calc: find V),**A_l**- lateral surface area of a cylinder (right cylinder calc: find A_l),**A_b**- base surface area of a cylinder (right cylinder calc: find A_b),**d**- longest diagonal of a cylinder,**A / V**- surface to volume ratio of a cylinder.

A cylinder is a three-dimensional solid that has two congruent parallel planes called **bases** of the cylinder. It consists of all the points on all the lines that connect its bases. A cylinder is **right** when one base is lying exactly above the other base. Otherwise, it is called an **oblique** cylinder. If the bases are circles, then the cylinder is called a **circular** cylinder. Remember that traditionally, the term *cylinder* usually refers to the **right circular cylinder** - our right cylinder calc is dedicated to this type of a cylinder.

You should also check out our cylindrical coordinates calculator and see how you can use a cylinder to describe the position of any given point in a 3D space.

## Right cylinder calc: find A_b

The base surface area of a right circular cylinder **A_b** is simply the sum of areas of two bases. Its value is expressed in squared units of length, e.g., square meters `m²`

or square feet `ft²`

. Check out area conversion calculator to learn how to convert between different area units! Because both bases of a right circular cylinder are the same circles with the radius `r`

, the base surface area of a cylinder is two times the area of a circle:

`a_b = 2 * π * r²`

.

But what if you don't know the radius of the base? There are several different ways to estimate the base surface area of a cylinder:

- With given
**total area**and**lateral area**:`A_b = A - A_l`

, - With given
**volume**and**height**:`A_b = 2 * V / h`

, - With given
**lateral area**and**height**:`A_b = A_l²/(2 * π * h²)`

, - With given
**longest diagonal**and**height**:`A_b = π/2 * (d² - h²)`

.

## Right cylinder calc: find A_l

To find the lateral surface area of a right circular cylinder **A_l**, we open the cylinder like a carton box and flatten it out to find out which geometric figures it contains - this is the so-called **net of a solid**. As you can see below, a right circular cylinder consists of two circles (**bases**) and one rectangle (**lateral surface**).

First side of that rectangle is the height `h`

of the cylinder and the second side equals circumference of the base - `2 * π * r`

(circle with radius `r`

). Therefore, the lateral surface area of a right circular cylinder `A_l`

can be found just like the area of a rectangle:

`A_l = 2 * π * r * h`

.

There are also other equations that lead to the lateral surface area of a cylinder:

- With given
**total area**and**base area**:`A_l = A - A_b`

, - With given
**volume**and**height**:`A_l = √(4 * π * h * V)`

, - With given
**base area**and**height**:`A_l = √(2 * π * h² * A_b)`

, - With given
**longest diagonal**and**height**:`A_l = √(d²h²π² - h⁴π²)`

.

## Right cylinder calc: find A

The total surface area of a right circular cylinder **A** is the sum of all the areas of the faces that a cylinder has, i.e., a top base, a bottom base, and a side. Therefore, the total surface area of a right circular cylinder is the sum of its base surface area `A_b`

and its lateral surface area `A_l`

:

`A = A_b + A_l = 2 * π * r² + 2 * π * r * h`

and after some trivial simplification

`A = 2 * π * r * (r + h)`

## Right cylinder calc: find V

The volume of a right circular cylinder **V** is the space enclosed by a cylinder. Its value is expressed in cubic units of length, e.g., cubic meters `m³`

or cubic feet `cu ft`

. Try our volume conversion to learn how to convert between different volume units! The volume of a right circular cylinder is a product of the height `h`

and the area of one base `A_b/2 = π * r²`

. Thus, it can be found with the following equation:

`V = A_b/2 * h = π * h * r²`

It is worth remembering that **this formula holds whether or not the cylinder is a right cylinder** - it is also true for oblique cylinders. In case of a right circular cylinder, you can also use other formulas to estimate the volume of a cylinder:

- With given
**lateral area**and**height**:`V = A_l² / (4 * π * h)`

, - With given
**lateral area**and**radius**:`V = A_l * r / 2`

, - With given
**base area**and**lateral area**:`V = √(A_l² * A_b / (8 * π))`

, - With given
**longest diagonal**and**height**:`V = (π * h * d² - π * h³)/4`

.