Any time you come across a quadratic formula you want to analyze, this parabola calculator will be perfect for you. Not only will it provide you with the parabola equation in the standard form and in the vertex form, but also calculate the parabola vertex, focus and directrix.
What is a parabola?
Parabola is a U-shaped symmetrical curve. Its main property is that every point lying on the parabola is in an equal distance to a certain point, called the focus of a parabola, and a line, called its directrix. It is also the curve that corresponds to quadratic equations.
The axis of symmetry of a parabola is always perpendicular to the directrix and goes through the focus point. The vertex of a parabola is the point at which the parabola makes the hardest turn; it lies halfway between the focus and the directrix.
A real-life example of a parabola is the path traced by an object in projectile motion.
The parabola equation in vertex form
The standard form of the quadratic equation is
y = ax² + bx + c. You can use this vertex calculator to transform it to the vertex form that allows you to find the important points of the parabola - vertex and focus.
The equation of a parabola in a vertex form is
y = a(x-h)² + k, where:
- a is the same as the a coefficient in the standard form,
- h is the x-coordinate of the parabola vertex, and
- k is the y-coordinate of the parabola vertex.
You can calculate the values of h and k from the equations below:
h = - b/(2a)
k = c - b²/(4a)
Parabola focus and directrix
The parabola vertex form calculator also finds the focus and directrix of the parabola. All you have to do is to use the following equations:
- Focus x-coordinate:
x₀ = - b/(2a)
- Focus y-coordinate:
y₀ = c - (b² - 1)/(4a)
- Directrix equation:
y = c - (b² + 1)/(4a)
How to use the parabola equation calculator: an example
- Enter the coefficients a, b and c of the standard form of your quadratic equation. Let's assume that the equation was
y = 2x² + 3x - 4, what makes a = 2, b = 3 and c = -4.
- Calculate the coordinates of the vertex, using the formulas listed above:
h = - b/(2a) = -3/4 = -0.75
k = c - b²/(4a) = -4 - 9/8 = -5.125
- Find the coordinates of the focus of the parabola. The x-coordinate of the focus is the same as of the vertex (x₀ = -0.75), and the y-coordinate is
y₀ = c - (b² - 1)/(4a) = -4 - (9-1)/8 = -5
- Find the directrix of the parabola. You can either use the parabola calculator to do it for you or use the equation
y = c - (b² + 1)/(4a) = -4 - (9+1)/8 = -5.25