220 Volt Wire Size Calculator
Table of contents
How to calculate the size of a 220 volt wire?How do you use this 220 volt wire size calculator?Other useful tools like the 220 volt wire size calculatorFAQsThe 220 volt wire size calculator will help you determine the appropriate electrical wire for your next house installation. Do you want to install a new bell, maybe a new water pump? Keep reading to find out how to size your cables.
How to calculate the size of a 220 volt wire?
The following information is required before we start:
 Wire size material since it affects the electrical resistivity.
 Distance between your energy source and the equipment you want to energize.
 The amount of current your equipment needs.
Once we have it all, we will use the following formula:
where:
 $\%\text{drop}$ — Allowable voltage drop, in %.
 $V$ — Source voltage, measured in volts.
 $I$ — Maximum current running through the wire, measured in amps;
 $\varrho$ — Resistivity of the conductor material, measured in ohm meters;
 $L$ — Length of the wire, measured in meters; and
 $A$ — Crosssectional area of the wire measured in square meters.
The result will be expressed in mm² (if using the metric system).
It is common for wires to indicate their size in AWG (American Wire Gauge) units. Our wire gauge calculator relates circular cross area in mm² to AWG, but do not worry; our 220volt wire size calculator also provides results in AWG.
How do you use this 220 volt wire size calculator?

Verify your connection will be 220volt alternate current.

Choose your conductor material.

Define the amount of current your equipment needs. For example, a 1 HP pump connected to a 220volt single phase will require 3.39 amperes. Of course, never forget to verify the flow rate you need and verify system installation to be cavitationproof. You can also use the NPSH calculator in case you want to be sure.

Finally, input the length of your cable (remember it's a oneway distance).
As a result, the 220volt wire size calculator will indicate the cross area of the cable you need to install.
Other useful tools like the 220 volt wire size calculator
Since you already know how to size a 220volt wire, you can take a look at other calculators:
What wire size should I use for a 20 amp 220 volt circuit?
10 AWG or 2.38 mm of wire diameter. Try our 220volt wire size calculator or follow these steps:

Multiply 20 amperes per two times cable distance and then by the material resistivity.

Divide the result by the voltage drop. Here, you get the crosssection area, which you can convert to AWG using a wire gauge chart. For the calculation, we assume a maximum wire size length of 39 m (oneway).
What size wire for 50 amp 220 volt circuit?
6 AWG. We obtained this answer by following these steps:

Multiply 50 amperes per two times cable distance (assumed to be 46 m) and then by the material resistivity (that's 1.68×10⁸ Ω⋅m for copper).

Divide the result by a typical voltage drop of 3%. The result is the crosssectional area of the wire with a value of 1.313×10⁵ m³. Using an AWG wire gauge chart, this reads as 6 AWG.