# 12 Volt Wire Size Calculator

The 12 volt wire size calculator will help you determine the appropriate electrical wire for your next house installation. Do you want to install a new camera, maybe a new motion-sensing light? Please keep reading to determine how to size your cables.

## How to calculate the size of a 12 volt wire?

We will use the resistivity concept and combine it with the ohm's law for a single conductor:

where:

- $\%\text{drop}$ — Allowable voltage drop, in %.
- $V$ — Source voltage, measured in volts.
- $I$ — Maximum current running through the wire, measured in amps;
- $\varrho$ — Resistivity of the conductor material, measured in ohm meters;
- $L$ — Length of the wire, measured in meters; and
- $A$ — Cross-sectional area of the wire measured in square meters.

We add factor 2 because we have a one-way from the source to the equipment and another one-way from the equipment to the source.

## How do you use this 12 V wire size calculator?

You need to verify that your equipment can withstand 12 volts. Then you follow these steps:

- 12-volt ac / dc is already set. Now, we have to define the allowable voltage drop.
- Indicate the one-way length of your electrical system.
- Define how much current (amperes) your equipment needs.
- Finally, specify the maximum operating temperature.

Our 12 V wire size calculator will indicate the cross-sectional area, cable diameter, and AWG size.

## Other useful tools like the 12 volt wire size calculator

Since you already know how to size a 12 volts wire, you can take a look at other calculators:

## FAQ

### Which size wire is recommended for 12 volts appliances?

You have to define the amperes your equipment needs as it directly impacts the 12-volt wire size calculation. However, if we:

**Add five amps into the OmniCalculator 12 volt wire size.****Include the allowable voltage drop**(maximum 5% for DC appliances).- Finally,
**add the one-way length of our system**(here we assume 7 m), and the max operating temperature; then, we get a 13 AWG wire.

### Can I use 16 AWG wire for 12 volts applications?

It will depend on the maximum current you will have in the conductor. The OmniCalculator 12 volt wire size can help you:

- Add the maximum wire area corresponding to 16 AWG: 1.308 mm².
**Set the maximum operating temperature.**By default, 50°C.- Define the one-way distance (5 meters) and the maximum allowable voltage drop (3%). As a result, the maximum current is 2.5 amperes.

### How many amps can a 14 AWG wire withstand on a 12-volts system?

**3.97 amperes as per OmniCalculator's 12-volt wire size tool.** For getting such a result, we need:

- Add the wire area corresponding to 14 AWG: 2.08 mm².
- Add a one-way distance of 5 meters.
- Include an allowable voltage drop of 3%.
- Define a maximum operating temperature of 50°C.