Perimeter of a Triangle Calculator
With our perimeter of a triangle calculator, you can easily calculate the perimeter of that figure. The tool has the basic formula implemented – the one assuming you know all three triangle sides. But that's not all - our calculator is better than the other ones you can find on the Internet because we've also implemented two other formulas for triangle perimeter, depending on the values you know. Isn't it awesome?
If you are still wondering how to find a triangle's perimeter or are curious about the formulas for a perimeter of a triangle behind this calculator, keep reading. Check out our other handy tools: triangle area calculator, right triangle calculator, and equilateral triangle calculator – these are a safe bet for your geometry problems.
What is the perimeter of a triangle?
The perimeter is a distance around the shape – in our case, around the triangle. You can think about it as a path surrounding this figure. In real-life problems, a perimeter of a triangle may be useful in making a fence around the triangular parcel, tying up a triangular box with ribbon, or estimating the lace needed for binding a triangular pennant. However, we guess that you will probably use it in your Maths class ;)
How to find the perimeter of the triangle? The formula for a perimeter of a triangle
The basic formula is uncomplicated. Just add up the lengths of all the sides of the triangle, and you will obtain the perimeter value:
- Formula given three sides (SSS)
However, you don't always have three sides given. What can you do then? In these cases, other equations derived from trigonometry may be used, depending on what you know about the triangle:
Two sides and the angle between them (SAS)
Use the law of cosines to find the third side and then the perimeter:
Two angles and a side between them (ASA)
Use the law of sines to find the remaining two sides and then the perimeter:
How to use our perimeter of a triangle calculator?
Let's take a practical application case as an example. Imagine that you want to make a small garden in your backyard and you want to calculate how much fence you need to enclose it.
- Choose the formula, according to the data given. Assume that we know two sides of the triangle garden and the angle between them.
- Enter the values into the proper boxes. Dimensions of our triangular garden are equal to , and the angle between them is . Remember that you can choose the unit by clicking on its name.
- Tadaaaam! The perimeter of a triangle calculator displays the solution in a blink of an eye! In our case, we need of fence.
We are sure that after this detailed explanation and example, you understood what the perimeter of a triangle is. Keep practicing!
How do I find the perimeter of an SSS triangle?
To find the perimeter of a triangle knowing its three sides (SSS triangle), all you have to do is add the three known sides.
For example, the perimeter of a triangle with sides a = 3 cm, b = 2 cm and c = 4 cm can be calculated as follows:
perimeter_SSS = a + b+ c
perimeter_SSS = 3 cm + 2 cm + 4 cm
perimeter_SSS = 9 cm
What's the formula used to find the perimeter of SAS triangle?
To find the perimeter of a triangle knowing two sides (a and b) and the angle between them (γ) or a SAS triangle, we use the law of cosines to find the third side and then the perimeter. As a result, we can use the following expression and the perimeter formula for a SAS triangle:
perimeter_SAS = a + b + √(a2 +b2 - 2⋅a⋅b⋅cos(γ))
What's the formula used to find the perimeter of an ASA triangle?
To calculate the perimeter of a triangle knowing two angles (β and γ) and the side between them (a) or an ASA triangle, we use the law of sines to find the third side and then the perimeter. We express the perimeter formula for an ASA triangle as:
perimeter_ASA = a + a⋅(sin(β) + sin(γ)) / sin(β + γ)