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Is it a Right Triangle Calculator

Created by Kenneth Alambra
Reviewed by Purnima Singh, PhD
Last updated: Jan 18, 2024


This is it a right triangle calculator will help you determine whether or not a triangle qualifies to be a right triangle. This tool will be your companion when you just want to make sure you have a right triangle. In this right triangle calculator, you will learn:

  • What a right triangle is; and
  • How to figure out if a triangle is a right triangle using our calculator.

You're on the right track, so keep on reading.

What is a right triangle and how to tell if it is a right triangle?

A right triangle is a triangle with one of its interior angles equal to 90°, hence the name. Since a triangle has a total of 180° for its interior angles, if one of its angles is 90°, that means its two remaining interior angles have a total of 90°, too. So to check if a triangle is right, its two remaining angles need to be complementary and acute (since every complementary angle is acute). In equation form, we express that as:

α+β+90°=180°α+β=180°90°α+β=90°\begin{align*} \alpha + \beta + 90\degree &= 180\degree\\ \alpha + \beta &= 180\degree - 90\degree\\ \alpha + \beta &= 90\degree \end{align*}

where:

  • α\alpha and β\beta - Remaining angles of a right triangle that turn out to be complementary.

Aside from the relationship of the interior angles of a right triangle, its sides should also follow the Pythagorean theorem. That means that a right triangle has to have a hypotenuse, which we can denote as cc, which has a length equal to:

c=a2+b2c = \sqrt{a^2 + b^2}

where:

  • aa and bb - Sides of the triangle forming a right angle.

Lastly, we can observe the following trigonometric functions when dealing with right triangles:

For angle α\alpha:

sin(α)=accos(α)=bctan(α)=ab\begin{align*} &sin{(\alpha)} = \frac{a}{c}\\\\ &cos{(\alpha)} = \frac{b}{c}\\\\ &tan{(\alpha)} = \frac{a}{b} \end{align*}

For angle β\beta:

sin(β)=bccos(β)=actan(β)=ba\begin{align*} &sin{(\beta)} = \frac{b}{c}\\\\ &cos{(\beta)} = \frac{a}{c}\\\\ &tan{(\beta)} = \frac{b}{a} \end{align*}

Note that:

  • aa - Length of side opposite angle α\alpha;
  • bb - Length of side opposite angle β\beta; and
  • cc - Length of the hypotenuse, or the side opposite the 90° angle.

If a triangle fails to meet even one of these conditions, then that triangle is not a right triangle.

How to figure out if it is a right triangle - Calculator guide

You can check your triangle in three different ways depending on the known parameters of the triangle you have. To use our right triangle calculator:

  1. Choose in the Given selection your known set of parameters whether you know the 3 sides, angles α and β, or 2 sides and 1 angle.
  2. Skip this step if you choose any of the first two options. If you chose 2 sides and 1 angle, select among the options which sides and angle you know.
  3. Enter your known measurements depending on your selections.

After entering your last known parameter, our calculator will then display a message if your triangle is a right triangle or not.

FAQ

Is it possible to draw a right isosceles triangle?

Yes, it is possible. To draw a right isosceles triangle, make sure the sides forming the right angle have equal lengths. Then connect their ends to draw a hypotenuse to form a right isosceles triangle. Drawing a diagonal inside a square will also let you draw right isosceles triangles.

How do I tell if it is a right triangle?

To determine a right triangle, check if:

  1. One of its interior angles is equal to 90°.
  2. The sum of two of its angles is equal to 90°.
  3. Its longest side, say c, is equal to the square root of the sum of the square of the two shorter sides, say a and b. In equation form: c = √(a² + b²).
  4. It can meet any of these conditions:
  • sin(α) = a/c
  • cos(α) = b/c
  • tan(α) = a/b

where a is the side opposite angle α, b is the side adjacent to angle α, and c is the hypotenuse.

Kenneth Alambra
Given
3 sides
right triangle with sides a,b,c and angles α,β




a
in
b
in
c
in
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