With this pentagon calculator, you'll find essential properties of a regular pentagon: side, diagonal, height, perimeter, and area, as well as the circumcircle and incircle radius. Type any value, and the remaining parameters will be calculated on the spot. If you are not sure what is a pentagon or how many sides does a pentagon have, keep scrolling and you'll find clarifying pictures with a short explanation.
What is a pentagon? How many sides does a pentagon have?
Pentagon is a 5-sided polygon. Pentagon can be simple or self-intersecting.
The sum of the internal angles in a simple pentagon is 540°, so every internal angle is equal to 108°. Regular simple pentagon has all five sides equal in length. (In this article, we use the term "regular pentagon" to describe a regular simple pentagon).
Area and perimeter of a regular pentagon
Area A of a regular pentagon can be calculated from the formula:
area = a² * √(25 + 10√5) / 4, where
a is a side of a regular pentagon.
Also, you can find the area having the circumscribed circle radius:
area = 5 * R² * √[(5 + √5)/2] / 4, where
R is an circumcircle radius.
Perimeter P of a regular pentagon is equal to side length multiplied by the number of vertices. Pentagon is a 5 sided polygon, so the perimeter is:
perimeter = 5 * a
Height and diagonal of a regular pentagon
To calculate the height and diagonal of a regular pentagon, all you need to have given is the side length
diagonal = a * (1 + √5) / 2
height = a * √(5 + 2√5) / 2
Pentagon has five diagonals equal in length, which form a pentagram.
How to solve a regular pentagon using this pentagon calculator?
Now as we know the pentagon definition, we can have a look at this step-by-step example:
- Find out what is given. For a regular pentagon, one parameter is enough to find the remaining six.
- Type the value into pentagon calculator. Let's take the most famous almost regular pentagon as an example - the Pentagon building, headquarters of the US Department of Defense. From the Wikipedia page we find out that it's 1414 ft wide - it's the height of the pentagram.
The Pentagon, 1,414 feet, 431m (Light blue)
RMS Queen Mary 2, 1,132 feet, 345m (Pink)
US Navy's nuclear-powered USS Enterprise, 1,123 feet, 342m (Yellow)
Airship LZ 129 Hindenburg, 804 feet, 245m (Green)
Imperial Japanese Navy's Yamato, 863 feet, 263m (Dark blue)
Empire State Building, 1,454 feet, 443m (Grey)
Knock Nevis supertanker, 1,503 feet, 458m (Red)
Apple Park main building, 1,522 feet, 458m (Green)
- The pentagon parameters appear! They are:
- side - 918.9 ft
- diagonal - 1486.8 ft
- perimeter - 4594 ft (0.87 mi)
- area - 33.35 ac
- circumcircle radius - 781.6 ft
- incircle radius - 632.4 ft
Did you notice how enormous it is? Have a look on the perimeter - it's almost a mile! In reality, each side of the building is ~921 feet long - looks like it's practically a regular pentagon!