Pediatric Blood Volume Calculator
Our pediatric blood volume calculator uses body weight to find the total blood volume for children. The estimated blood volume in pediatrics depends on the age of a child, so that there are separate formulas for blood volume in newborn babies, in infants under 3 months of age, in children over 3 months, and in adolescents.
Why is pediatric blood volume useful?
Similarly to the adult total blood volume, these values are vital in the hospital perfusion care, including hemodynamic and pharmacologic interventions, and transfusion practices.
Aditionally, these values are also extremely important in the process of blood collection for tests. For an adult patient, collecting 20 ml of blood won't have a noticeable impact on the organism, whereas the same amount of blood is about 8% of a newborn baby's full blood volume. According to the existing guidelines, the maximum volume of blood that can be drawn safely from an infant in 24 hours is ranging from 1% to 5% of the total blood volume.
How is the blood volume estimated in pediatrics?
Our calculator uses the formula:
TBV = weight * age factor
age factor equals:
- 100 mL/kg for premature infants;
- 85 mL/kg for babies younger than 3 months;
- 75 mL/kg for children over the age of 3 months;
- 70 mL/kg for male adolescents;
- 65 mL/kg for female adolescents.
What's the blood volume in a newborn baby?
The volume of blood in a premature neonate ranges from
89 to 105 mL per kilogram of body weight, while a baby born in term has from
82 to 86 mL/kg of blood.
What's the blood volume in infants and older children?
The blood volume in infants up to three months of age is
82-86 mL/kg. It is assumed that after the third month children have around
73-82 mL/kg. The volume of blood per kilogram of body weight decreases with age and in puberty reaches about the same values as in adults, which is
70 mL/kg for males and
65 mL/kg for females.