Opioid Conversion Calculator

Created by Małgorzata Koperska, MD
Reviewed by Bogna Szyk and Steven Wooding
Last updated: Nov 22, 2022

The calculation of opioid conversion is a crucial step in intensive care and is necessary throughout all medical branches.

Opioids (opiates) are a group of analgesic drugs used primarily for pain management. They all interact with specific opioid receptors such as μ (mu), κ (kappa), and δ (delta) in the human body, but their potency and mechanisms of action differ significantly. Their dosage also depends on the chosen method of administration. It is common practice to switch the drug or the route of administration when specific drugs don't provide sufficient pain control or cause intolerable adverse effects. Opiate conversion is conducted based on relative drug potency in equianalgesic charts.

Remember to double-check the results before administering any drugs to your patients. You might also be interested in our general dosage calculator, specialized paracetamol dose calculator and ibuprofen calculator, or the steroid converter. If you're a patient, consult a physician instead of modifying your therapy by yourself!

Equianalgesic chart

The relative potency of opioids has been thoroughly examined in numerous scientific studies. The equianalgesic chart is a table presenting the results of this research. It usually includes information on the dosage, relative potency, and half-lives compared to morphine.

We used the equianalgesic chart from Wikipedia to build the opioid conversion calculator. Here is a table of substance dosage and potency related to 10 mg of intravenously administered morphine.

Drug

Equivalent dose

Relative potency

Half-life

Morphine (IV)

10 mg

1

2-3 hours

Morphine (oral)

30 mg

1/3

2-4 hours

Morphine (SC)

15 mg

2/3

n/a

Diamorphine (SC) (heroin)

10 mg

1

2-3 minutes

Oxycodone (oral)

15 mg

2/3

3-4.5 hours

Oxycodone (SC)

10 mg

1

3-4.5 hours

Alfentanyl (SC)

1 mg

10

1.5-2 hours

Fentanyl (SC)

0.200 mg

50

n/a

Hydromorphone (oral)

4 mg

2/5

2-3 hours

Hydromorphone (SC)

2 mg

1/5

2-3 hours

Codeine (oral)

300 mg

1/30

2.5-3 hours

Tramadol (oral)

300 mg

1/30

6-8.8 hours

Fentanyl (transdermal)

0.300 mg

20-27

7 hours

Buprenorphine (transdermal)

0.400 mg

25

20-70 hours

How to calculate equivalent morphine dosage when changing the method of administration

The dosage changes significantly with the chosen route of drug administration. Let's assume you're giving your patient 20 mg of morphine a day intravenously. According to the relative potencies in the equianalgesic chart, you'll see that:

  • If the daily dose for intravenous route is 20 mg;

  • The daily dose for oral administration is 60 mg; and

  • The daily dose for subcutaneous administration is 30 mg.

Opiate conversion with an incomplete cross-tolerance adjustment

Cross-tolerance is a phenomenon that occurs in many drug groups and has consequences in the usage of opiates. It is described in the article Opioid Tolerance Development: A Pharmacokinetic/ Pharmacodynamic Perspective:

Long-term exposure to one drug often results in the development of tolerance to the effects of other structurally similar drugs in the same pharmacologic class.

Surprisingly, cross-tolerance between opioids is often incomplete. In practice, it means that after opiate conversion, the dosage needs to be lowered, even by 25-50%. You can input this value in the incomplete cross-tolerance field in the opioid conversion calculator.

Małgorzata Koperska, MD
Incomplete cross tolerance
%
Morphine (IV)
mg
Morphine (oral)
mg
Morphine (SC)
mg
Diamorphine (SC)
mg
Oxycodone (oral)
mg
Oxycodone (SC)
mg
Alfentanyl (SC)
mg
Fentanyl (SC)
mg
Hydromorphone (oral)
mg
Hydromorphone (SC)
mg
Codeine (oral)
mg
Tramadol (oral)
mg
Fentanyl (transdermal)
mg
Buprenorphine (transdermal)
mg
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