# Metric to Standard Converter

Table of contents

Metric system of unitsStandard system of unitsUsing this metric to standard converterOther relevant convertersFAQsWelcome to our metric-to-standard converter, where you can quickly convert units between the metric system and the standard system for important physical quantities like **length, area, volume, and weight**.

If you're wondering what the metric system or standard system of units is or why you must bother learning metric-to-standard conversion, you're not alone. Unit conversion may seem like a drab topic, but even the best minds stumble when jumbling multiple units in their equations or measurements. It is important to use appropriate units in every equation. Similarly, it is imperative that the units are well-defined and standardized so there is no room for miscommunication. With this metric-to-standard converter, you'll always get your units right!

## Metric system of units

The metric system was one of the many reforms that originated during the French Revolution. It has two types of units for each variable:

**Base units**; and**Derived units**, a decimal multiple of the base unit, usually identified by a prefix to the base unit.

For example, if gram is the base unit for weight, while kilogram (=1000 grams) is a derived unit. The following table shows the various prefixes available in the metric system.

Prefix | Symbol | Factor | |
---|---|---|---|

tera | T | 10¹² | 1,000,000,000,000 |

giga | G | 10⁹ | 1,000,000,000 |

mega | M | 10⁶ | 1,000,000 |

kilo | k | 10³ | 1,000 |

hecto | h | 10² | 100 |

deca | da | 10¹ | 10 |

10⁰ | 1 | ||

deci | d | 10⁻¹ | 0.1 |

centi | c | 10⁻² | 0.01 |

milli | m | 10⁻³ | 0.001 |

micro | µ | 10⁻⁶ | 0.000,001 |

nano | n | 10⁻⁹ | 0.000,000,001 |

pico | p | 10⁻¹² | 0.000,000,000,001 |

Further, there are different systems within the metric system, based on the base unit they prescribe. The most common metric systems are:

- MKS system (meter-kilogram-second); and
- CGS system (centimeter-gram-second).

The Internation Standard (SI) units are an extension of the MKS system, so more people use MKS system today than the CGS system, whether knowingly or otherwise. The following table lists the base units for MKS and CGS systems.

Variable | MKS unit | Symbol | CGS unit | Symbol |
---|---|---|---|---|

Length | Meter | m | Centimeter | cm |

Mass | Kilogram | kg | Gram | g |

Area | Square meter | m | Square centimeter | cm |

Volume | Cubic meter | m | Cubic centimeter | cm |

## Standard system of units

The standard system may refer to either the US customary units or the British Imperial units. While the Imperial units and the US units were developed from the earlier English units, there are some differences between these two systems too. Both systems use the same units for length, mass, and area. The following table will help you familiarize yourself with the standard units, along with how the conversion from metric to standard and vice versa works.

Variable | Imperial/US unit | Symbol | Equivalent to |
---|---|---|---|

| inch | in | = 1/12 ft = 25.4 mm |

foot | ft | = 1/3 yd = 0.3048 m | |

yard | yd | = 3 ft = 0.9144 m | |

mile | mi | = 1760 yd = 1.609 km | |

| square inch | sq.in or in | = 645.2 mm |

square foot | sq. ft or ft | = 144 in | |

acre | ac | = 43,560 ft | |

| ounce | oz | = 28.349523125 g |

pound | lb | = 16 oz = 453.59237 g |

When it comes to volume, there are some differences between what the Imperial and US systems prescribe. The difference originates from how the two systems define gallons. So apart from the derived volume units like the cubic inch (cu in or in^{3}) and cubic foot (cu ft or ft^{3}), these systems also have the following volume units:

Standard Unit | Symbol | Equivalent to | |
---|---|---|---|

| US gallon | US gal | = 231 in |

US quart | US qt | = 1/4 US gal = 0.9464 L | |

US pint | US pt | = 1/8 US gal = 0.4732 L | |

US fluid ounce | US fl oz | = 1/128 US gal = 0.029574 L | |

| UK gallon | UK gal | = 277.42 in |

UK quart | UK qt | = 1/4 UK gal = 1.1365 L | |

UK pint | UK pt | = 1/8 UK gal = 0.5683 L | |

UK fluid ounce | UK fl oz | = 1/160 US gal = 0.028413 L |

Test your understanding of the unit conversion so far - using the above two tables, build your own metric-to-standard conversion chart!

## Using this metric to standard converter

Our metric-to-standard converter is easy to use:

- Pick the
**variable**you wish to convert from the**type of conversion**field. You have four choices with our metric-to-standard converter:- Length
- Area
- Volume
- Weight (or mass)

- Enter the value of the variable in the corresponding
**metric**unit field. Clicking on the unit will give you a list of other units you can try. - The converter will automatically convert the value from metric to the standard unit and present the result in the corresponding
**Imperial/US**unit. The converter will also present your result in other units that may interest in the**Other**section.

You can also use the converter to convert standard units to metric units!

## Other relevant converters

We have other unit converters that may interest you:

### How do you convert 12 meters to standard units?

**12 meters** is equal to **39.372 feet**. To perform this metric to standard conversion, follow these steps keeping in mind that `1 m = 3.281 ft`

:

- Multiply 12 by 3.281 to get
`12 × 3.281 = 39.372`

. - Verify this result with our metric to standard converter.

### What is the recommended unit for measuring the height of a person?

Since most of the world follows the metric system, we recommend the use of **meters** or **centimeters** for expressing your body height. Note that in countries like the USA and India, it is common to use **feet and inches** instead. Our metric-to-standard converter can help you with any height conversion.