SignaltoNoise Ratio Calculator
Table of contents
What is SNR?Signaltonoise ratio calculatorWhat is a good signaltonoise ratio?How to calculate signaltonoise ratio? SNR formulaSignaltonoise ratio requirements and signaltonoise ratio exampleFAQsOur signaltonoise ratio calculator is a tool that will help you find the ratio of the desired signal to the background noise. You might wonder: "Why is calculating this ratio so important?" You will get your answer in a while, but before that, you need to know what SNR is and what a good signaltonoise ratio is.
Continue reading to learn some significant signaltonoise ratio requirements and the difference between low and high signaltonoise ratios.
What is SNR?
SNR stands for signaltonoise ratio. This ratio is a measure of the strength of the desired signal to the current level of background noise. Below are some signaltonoise ratio examples we use in the real world:
 Finding isotope levels in ice cores;
 Measuring the efficiency of a cell's biochemical signaling;
 Determining a car amplifier's sound clarity; and
 Computing a communication channel's bandwidth and capacity 📡.
Might we suggest taking a look at the bandwidth calculator to get a clear picture of what bandwidth and Mbps are!
Signaltonoise ratio calculator
Our signaltonoise ratio calculator is a convenient tool that calculates the ratio between the desired signal level and the acceptable background noise.
Now, let's come back to our original question, "Why is calculating this ratio so important?"
Imagine you are having a conversation with your friend, and it's going swimmingly. Now, imagine a lot more people arriving, and everyone is talking to someone while you are trying to have a conversation with your friend. It's still lovely, but your friend gets cut off more and more. Now, imagine you are at a concert, and you want to chat with your friend. It seems tedious and exhausting trying to repeat what you're saying because of the loud music, which for you, is the background noise.
Your voice here is the signal, and the concert music is the noise.
Our calculator lets you calculate the signaltonoise ratio using five various methods.
In the tool, you have the option to select the type of SNR; whichever type you choose, you need to input:
 The magnitude of the signal; and
 The magnitude of the noise.
Each type has various units associated with it. Also, some of them may appear unitless, but it is good to remember that they can be of any appropriate unit as long as both signal and noise are in the same units.
Signaltonoise ratio calculation is an essential concept in science and engineering, and we can use it to measure any form of signal or transmission. So, after learning what the signaltonoise ratio is, let's find out what a good SNR is.
What is a good signaltonoise ratio?
The signaltonoise ratio is expressed as a single numerical value in decibels (dB). The ratio can either be zero, positive or negative. An SNR ratio greater than zero indicates that the signal strength is higher than the noise level. When the value from the SNR formula is zero, then the signal has the same strength as the noise. Finally, a negative SNR means that the signal is weaker than the noise.
So, what is the signaltonoise ratio value that we should aim for?

High signaltonoise ratio 👍
A high signaltonoise ratio means anything greater than zero. But the greater the SNR value, the greater the signal is in comparison to the noise. This means that no matter which type of transmission has to take place, it will be efficient and accurate. 
Low signaltonoise ratio 👎
If the SNR value is low, it means that the noise is greater than the acceptable value, disrupting any form of data transfer. For example, this can occur during the transfer of text, image, audio & video streams, and telemetry.
It would be wise to read Omni's data transfer calculator and understand data transferring on your phones.
How to calculate signaltonoise ratio? SNR formula
The signaltonoise ratio calculator has five different SNR formulae within it. This allows you to calculate various types of SNR based on what your input signal is or which unit you measure the data in:
 Signals ratio;
 SNR from decibels;
 Power SNR;
 Voltage SNR; and
 SNR from the coefficient of variation.
All five types of SNR require you to input:
 The strength of the signal; and
 The level of noise.
As a result, you will obtain the signaltonoise ratio based on the type you have selected.
For instance, if your signal is 6 volts and the noise is 4 volts, you need to select Voltage SNR
. Then, the result is 3.522 dB.
The variation in the type of signaltonoise ratio lies in the formula. As we mentioned above, there are five ways to calculate the SNR:

SNR as a signal ratio in absolute units:
${\rm SNR} = \text{signal} / \text{noise}$

SNR as a signal difference in decibels:
${\rm SNR} \text{(dB)} = \text{signal (dB)}  \text{noise (dB)}$

Power SNR:
${\rm pSNR} = 10 \times \log{(\text{signal / noise})}$

Voltage SNR:
${\rm vSNR} = 20 \times \log{(\text{signal / noise})}$

SNR from the coefficient of variation.
a. ${\rm SNR} = \mu / \sigma$
b. ${\rm SNR} = \mu ^2 / \sigma ^2$
where:

$\rm SNR(dB)$ — The signaltonoise ratio in decibels;

$\rm pSNR$ — The power signaltonoise ratio;

$\rm vSNR$ — The voltage signaltonoise ratio;

$\mu$ — The signal mean; and

$\sigma$ — The standard deviation of the noise.
💡 Remember, the logarithmic base is always in 10 in the above equations.
Signaltonoise ratio requirements and signaltonoise ratio example
📶 Generally, the recommended SNR for wireless networks to use the internet is 20 dB. The table below shows some SNR values and what their requirements for connectivity are:
SNR values  Requirements 

510 dB  Cannot establish a connection 
1015 dB  Can establish an unreliable connection 
1525 dB  Acceptable level to establish a poor connection 
2540 dB  Considered a good connection 
41+ dB  Considered to be an excellent connection 
These signaltonoise ratio statistics play a significant role in the field of wireless communication. Another good thing to remember is that the increase in SNR may increase the wireless network's channel capacity. Check out our baud rate calculator and modulation calculator to understand how data is transmitted using signals.
How do I calculate the signaltonoise ratio?
To calculate the signaltonoise ratio, you need the level of both the signal and the noise. Then:

If you have the signals in decibels (dB), subtract noise from the signal.

If your calculations are in watts, use the power signaltonoise ratio formula:
SNR = 10 × log(signal / noise)

If your calculations are in volts, use the voltage signaltonoise ratio formula:
SNR = 20 × log(signal / noise)

log
denotes the common logarithm.
What is a good signaltonoise ratio?
For instance, in terms of data network, a good SNR (signaltonoise ratio) is 20 dB or above. And if the network is meant to use voice applications, then it needs to be 25 dB or above.
A good signaltonoise ratio is one that has signal levels much higher than noise levels, as the greater the noise levels, the more disruption is caused. A low signaltonoise ratio means that the level of background noise is more than it should be in comparison to the required signal.
What is the signaltonoise ratio of a 450dB signal and a 350 dB noise?
The signaltonoise ratio (SNR) for a signal of 450dB and noise of 350 dB is 100dB.
The signal and noise level values are already in decibels (dB), so the signaltonoise ratio formula is:
SNR(dB) = signal − noise
What kind of noises can impact the signaltonoise ratio?
Noise that impacts signaltonoise ratio can be electronic, thermal, quantum, biological, or acoustic. Also, we can consider humidity to be noise. Generally, you may treat any unwanted disturbance that impacts the quality of the signal as noise.
A significant amount of noise can cause disruption in text, graphics, audio, and video transfers.