Pregnancy Weight Gain: Week by Week Breakdown

Created by Łucja Zaborowska, MD, PhD candidate
Reviewed by Rijk de Wet and Aleksandra Zając, MD
Based on research by
Institute of Medicine Recommendations Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexamining the Guidelines (2009)
Last updated: Feb 02, 2023

What's the average pregnancy weight gain week by week? Where do all the extra pounds go? Keep on reading to find all the answers!

💡 This article is a part of a bigger series, based on our pregnancy weight gain calculator.

We try our best to make our Omni Calculators as precise and reliable as possible. However, this tool can never replace a professional doctor's assessment. If any health condition bothers you, consult a physician.

How much weight should I gain?

Your pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) calculation determines the amount of weight you should gain during pregnancy. BMI is the simplest way to assess somebody's weight and figure and compare it to the general population. However, one thing might be tricky — BMI and its implications does not apply to pregnant women! That's why we usually record the woman's weight before pregnancy and then monitor its growth rate throughout every week of pregnancy (see: the gestational age calculator).

Remember, the formula for BMI is:

BMI=weight [kg](height [m])2\text{BMI} = \frac{ \text{weight [kg]} }{ (\text{height [m]})^2 }

Your recommended weight gain depends on your pre-pregnancy BMI:

  • Underweight before pregnancy (BMI <18.5)
    • Expected weight gain: 28–40 pounds (12.7–18.1 kg)
  • Normal weight (BMI 18.5–24.9)
    • Single pregnancy expected weight gain 25 to 35 pounds (11.3–15.9 kg)
    • Twin pregnancy expected weight gain: 37–54 pounds (16.8–24.5 kg)
  • Overweight (BMI between 25 and 29.9)
    • Single pregnancy expected weight gain: 15–25 pounds (6.8–11.3 kg)
    • Twin pregnancy expected weight gain: 14–50 pounds (16.8–22.7 kg)
  • Obese (BMI over 30)
    • Single pregnancy expected weight gain: 11–20 pounds (5–9 kg)
    • Twin pregnancy expected weight gain: 25–42 pounds (11.3–19 kg)

Eating for two: Where does all the extra weight go?

First things firsts: eating for two might not be such a good idea. Your diet should increase by only 300 kcal, starting at the beginning of the second trimester, and grow up to 500 kcal when you begin breastfeeding. 🍼

As you can imagine, all the weight gain during pregnancy must serve a specific purpose. You're not wrong: all that mass goes into the birth weight of the baby, and also allows the gestation to thrive and survive. In a typical healthy pregnancy, an average woman needs to gain around 25–35 pounds (11.3–15.9 kg).

Let's break it down pound by pound!

  • The baby: An average child's birth weight is 7.7 lb (3.5 kg).
  • An enlarged uterus weighs around 2 lb (0.9 kg).
  • Enlarged breasts weigh around 2 lb (0.9 kg).
  • The placenta adds another 1.5 lb (0.7 kg).
  • Amniotic fluid is responsible for an additional 2 lb (0.9 kg).
  • Your blood volume (increased by ~50%) and other bodily fluids: 6.6 lb (3 kg).
  • The extra fat tissue weighs close to 7.7 lb (3.5 kg).

Pregnancy weight gain breakdown by week

Achieving a healthy weight gain during pregnancy is not that difficult! Trust your body, exercise, and eat well. Don't get too attached to them sweets; turn to veggies and nuts instead. Keep in mind that the growth rate is different for every pregnancy. There is no single ideal way in which pregnant women gain weight - try to avoid comparing yourself to other future mums!

However, there's one specific thing that should catch your attention: an extremely rapid weight gain exceeding 0.5 kg (1.1 lb) per week. Track your weight, and contact your health care provider if you realize you're gaining pounds way too fast.

Here are the estimates of growth rates for the average singleton pregnancy. Remember: they do not have to fit your case entirely!

  • <14 weeks — your weight during the first trimester of pregnancy should not change.
  • 14–20 weeks — a steady weight gain appears for a total increase of 2.5 kg.
  • 20–30 weeks — an increase of another 5 kg.
  • 30–36 weeks — another 2.5 kg.
  • 36–40 weeks — at the end of the third trimester, you shouldn't gain weight anymore.

One available study broke it down to even finer pieces:

  • 0 to 10 weeks — 0.065 kg, 2.3 oz, or 0.14 pounds per week.
  • 10 to 20 weeks — 0.335 kg or 0.74 lb per week.
  • 20 to 30 weeks — 0.450 kg or 1 lb per week.
  • 30 to 40 weeks — 0.335 kg or 0.74 lb per week.

Visit the calculator on your left for more specific calculations!

Łucja Zaborowska, MD, PhD candidate
Before pregnancy
You are...
Weight during pregnancy
Min. weight
Max. weight
Min. weight gain
Max. weight gain
Check out 34 similar gynecology & pregnancy calculators 🤰
BBTBirth controlBishop score… 31 more
People also viewed…

Calculadora de turno de vacunación para Colombia

La Calculadora de Turno de Vacunación para Colombia estima tu turno para recibir la vacuna contra la COVID-19 basada en tu trabajo y edad de acuerdo con el plan nacional de vacunación del Gobierno Colombiano.

Car crash force

With this car crash calculator, you can find out how dangerous car crashes are.

Steps to calories

Steps to calories calculator helps you to estimate the total amount to calories burned while walking.

Черга на вакцинацію в Україні Калькулятор

Калькулятор черги на вакцинацію, оцінює, де ви знаходитесь в черзі, щоб отримати вакцину проти COVID, це залежить від вашого віку, стану здоров’я та місту праці.
Copyright by Omni Calculator sp. z o.o.
Privacy policy & cookies
main background