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# Tinetti Calculator

How to use the Tinetti calculator?Elements of the fall risk assessmentTinetti score table

The Tinetti calculator is a fall risk assessment tool, based on a scheme used by physicians during overall assessment of the elderly.

Tinetti balance and gait assessment is a short and efficient score, evaluated in two separate stages.

Keep on reading to find the details of the POMA balance test, discover other popular elements of the fall risk assessment, and our recommendations for different check-ups.

## How to use the Tinetti calculator?

The Tinetti assessment test is based on a careful evaluation of the patient's behavior during a series of tasks. Before using the tool, carefully read the Tinetti test instruction presented below.

1. Sit down
• Does the patient keep a steady balance when sitting?
2. Stand up
• Are they able to stand up? Do they need to use arms as support?
• How many attempts do they need?
3. Standing
• Assess the patient's balance during first 5 seconds after standing up.
• Assess their general stability when standing for a more extended period of time.
4. Nudging - lightly push on a patient sternum. Repeat 3 times.
• Is the patient steady? Are they stagging, trying to catch their balance, or falling?
• Once again assess the patient's balance.
6. Turn around 360 degrees
• Are the steps continuous?
• Is the patient steady when turning around?
7. Sit down
• Does the patient sit down without any help, or using their arms?
8. Take a walk
• Evaluate the initiation of the movement. Is it delayed? Hesitant?
9. Walking in a straight line
• Assess the step length and height, for both legs separately.
• Assess the movement of the feet, for both feet separately.
• Assess whether the right and left steps are of similar length.
• Is the walk continuous? Did the patient have to stop for a while?
• Are they walking straight? Observe any excursion of 1 foot either side over about 10 feet of the course.
• Observe the trunk - is there any deviation from the norm? Back, knees, flexion? Sway or the use of a walking aid?
• Are the patients' heels away or close to each other?

Write down your observations and choose the correct option in all the fields of our Tinetti online calculator.

Check out our other calculators that are useful for elderly group of patients:

Curb 65 calculator for pneumonia; depression screening by PHQ-2 for mood assessment; and HAS-BLED calculations for bleeding complications.🩸

## Elements of the fall risk assessment

Our Tinetti balance assessment online is only one of many parts of a general risk assessment. Here we enumerate its other crucial parts:

1. - sitting, getting up, walking, sitting down.
2. and - assessment of a person's independence.
3. 30-s chair stand test - standing up and sitting down.
4. Arm strength score.
5. Postural hypotension test.
6. Blood pressure.
7. Calf & arm circumference.
8. Malnutrition & frailty evaluation.

Liver insufficiency may cause a worse Tinetti POMA test score - remember to always rule out and treat all reversible states and diseases. Use these diagnostic tools to make sure your patient doesn't suffer from one of them:

## Tinetti score table

The Tinetti calculator is divided into two parts:

• Balance - maximum 16 points; and
• Gait - maximum 12 points.

For a total of:

• Total: 28 points

The more points your patient scores in the Tinetti balance test, the better is the result is.

<19 points - High risk of falls

✴️ 19-23 points - Moderate risk of falls

❇️ >23 - Low risk of falls

You can find detailed instruction in the section above. Here we present the Tinetti balance assessment points chart: