Kt/V Calculator Daugirdas
The Kt V calculator allows you to assess your patient's dialysis or peritoneal dialysis efficacy and adequacy, using both Urea Reduction Ratio (URR) and the Daugirdas Kt/ V formula.
A short read below will acknowledge you with the basic definitions used in dialysis evaluation and the Kt measurements. We'll also explain the complicated maths that stands behind our simple tool. ⏳
What does Kt/ V stand for in dialysis?
The Kt/ V in dialysis is used for the measurement of the dialysis efficacy. It describes the rate of removal of the excessive fluids/substances (K) in a given treatment (t) of a given patient (V). This index is probably the most popular system to assess the dialysis dose.
The abbreviation itself stands for:
- K – dialyzer clearance – blood passage
- t – duration of dialysis in minutes
- V – volume of body water
This value is dimensionless - is not based on any unit and cannot be calculated using its separate parts and their units.
The Kt/ V system, however, may disadvantage women and smaller people and result in worse dialysis results in these groups of patients - this difference is caused by the variances of their body water content.
What is normal Kt/ V?
The dialysis is considered efficient when Kt/V is greater or equal to 1.2. That's the minimum value that must be kept at all times. All the values that fall below that range are a sign of the flawed process of hemodialysis therapy.
The peritoneal dialysis target Kt/V is equal to 1.7 weekly (according to the International Society of Peritoneal Dialysis).
However, the patient's treatment should be adjusted to the Kt/V values of more than the recommended target!
It's a precaution used to ensure that the process is indeed of appropriate quality - it's crucial since this variable is directly related to the patient's future outcomes and is correlated to survival!
💡 Current guidelines recommend the weekly Kt/V in Acute Kidney Injury to be at least 3.9
The Kt/ V calculator displays your results along with its basic efficacy evaluation.
Our tool requires you to know three fundamental lab findings:
- Kt/ V urea - both pre and post dialysis level of urea
- Volume of removed ultrafiltrate
Difference between Kt/ V and URR
Kt/ V is considered to be of a better value and more accurate than the URR.
Why is Kt/V better?
Even that both of these values are closely related, the Kt/ V system takes into account two additional variables:
- Urea removed with the fluid during the dialysis
- Urea produced by the body during dialysis
The measurement of fluid removed during dialysis using the Kt/ V is also essential because the excessive amount of fluids accumulated in the patients' bodies might cause inevitable harm to their cardiovascular system.
Therecommends the Kt/V to be the primary measure of adequacy.
How to calculate Kt/ V in dialysis?
Our standard Kt/ V calculator uses the following equation:
Kt/V = -ln((Post BUN/Pre BUN)- 0.03) + (4 - 3.5 × (Post BUN/Pre BUN)) × (UF/Weight)
Post BUN means the level of post-dialysis Blood Urea Nitrogen, given in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
Pre BUN means the level of pre-dialysis Blood Urea Nitrogen, given in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
UF stands for the volume of removed ultrafiltrate, given in liters (L).
Weight stands for the post-dialysis weight of a subject, given in kilograms (kg).
ln stands for the logarithm with the base of 2 → the natural logarithm.
Remember: all multiplications and divisions have a priority over adding and subtractions and should always be calculated first.
How do I determine if the Kt/V value is normal?
To determine if a Kt/V value is normal, consider the following guidelines:
- An effective treatment typically requires a minimum Kt/V value of 1.2 or higher for hemodialysis patients.
- Peritoneal dialysis patients should aim for a weekly Kt/V value of 1.7.
- In cases of acute kidney injury, a weekly Kt/V of at least 3.9 is recommended as a minimum standard.
What is the Kt/V value if the post-dialysis BUN is 20?
The Kt/V value is 1.07 if the post-dialysis BUN is 20 mg/dL, assuming that:
- The pre-dialysis BUN is 50 mg/dL;
- The duration of dialysis was 2 hours;
- The ultrafiltration volume is 2 liters; and
- The post-dialysis weight is 70 kg.
What does a Kt/V value of 1.07 mean in hemodialysis therapy?
The Kt/V value of 1.07 in hemodialysis therapy may indicate that the treatment may not reach the desired effectiveness level. Note that the interpretation of Kt/V values can vary depending on the patient's condition and treatment goals.
What is the difference between single pool Kt/V and Kt/V?
Single-pool Kt/V is mainly used for assessing thrice-weekly hemodialysis, while standardized Kt/V can be used to estimate clearance for dialysis at any frequency. If you want to determine your patient's dialysis or peritoneal dialysis efficacy and adequacy, use the Omni Kt/V calculator.