Nominal interest rate
Compounding frequency
New compounding frequency
Equivalent interest rate
Annual Equivalent Rate (AER)

The equivalent rate calculator converts an interest rate from one compound frequency to another while keeping the effective interest rate constant. You can use it on a savings account or investment product where interest compounds more than once a year.

There are plenty of financial calculators that employ the equivalent interest rate for their computations. The concept is mainly instrumental, where you can set different compounding and payment frequencies. You may check the calculators below if you want to see how it works in larger contexts:

Below we show you how to use the calculator, and also you can study the equivalent interest rate formula and learn what the annual equivalent rate (AER) is.

What is the annual equivalent rate (AER)?

The annual equivalent rate (AER), or effective rate, is the interest rate on a loan or financial product restated from the nominal interest rate expressed as the equivalent interest rate if compounding occurred annually. Therefore, you can compute AER if you let q = 1 in the equivalent interest rate formula you can find in the next section. The result of this is:

r = (1 + i/m)m - 1

For example, the annual equivalent rate of an investment having a nominal interest rate of 5% compounded monthly is equivalent to 5.116%. 5% compounded monthly has a periodic rate of 5/12 ≈ 0.4166%. After one year, the initial capital is increased by a factor of (1 + 0.004166)12 ≈ 1.05116, which means AER = 5.116%.

When the frequency of compounding is increased up to infinity the calculation will be:

r = ei - 1 where e stands for the exponent.

The effective interest rate is a special case of the internal rate of return.

If the monthly periodic interest rate p is known and remains constant throughout the year, the effective annual rate can be estimated in the following way:

r = (1 + p)12 -1

What is the equivalent interest rate formula?

The formula, what we also applied in the equivalent rate calculator, takes the following form:

i = q * [(1 + r/m)m/q - 1]


  • i - nominal annual interest rate;
  • m - initial compounding frequency;
  • q - desired compounding frequency; and
  • r - equivalent interest rate.

How to use the equivalent interest rate calculator?

You need to set four out of the five variables in the equivalent rate calculator to obtain the fifth variable as a result.

  • Nominal interest rate: the nominal annual interest rate;
  • Compounding frequency: the number of times compounding occurs annually. It is the frequency you would like to transform into another frequency;
  • New compounding frequency;
  • Equivalent interest rate; and
  • Effective rate (annual equivalent rate - AER).

Annual equivalent rates in different compound frequencies

The following table shows you some nominal annual rates with their corresponding effective rate at different compounding frequencies.

CSV To HTML using
Nominal annual rate Semi-annual Quarterly Monthly Daily Continuous
1% 1.003% 1.004% 1.005% 1.005% 1.005%
5% 5.063% 5.095% 5.116% 5.127% 5.127%
10% 10.250% 10.381% 10.471% 10.516% 10.517%
15% 15.563% 15.865% 16.075% 16.180% 16.183%
20% 21.000% 21.551% 21.939% 22.134% 22.140%
30% 32.250% 33.547% 34.489% 34.969% 34.986%
40% 44.000% 46.410% 48.213% 49.150% 49.182%
50% 56.250% 60.181% 63.209% 64.816% 64.872%

If you would like to learn more about the annual equivalent rate, you may check our APY calculator, which is based on the same concept that we've applied in this equivalent rate calculator.

Tibor Pal, PhD candidate
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