Average Fixed Cost Calculator
Table of contents
What is average fixed cost?How to calculate average fixed cost — Average fixed cost formulaWhy is it important to calculate the average fixed cost?FAQsWith this average fixed cost calculator, you can easily calculate the fixed cost per item produced or sold by a company. This metric is useful in analyzing a company's operational performance, particularly on its fixed assets. To understand more about this topic, please check out our fixed asset turnover ratio calculator and operating margin calculator.
This article will help you understand what average fixed cost is and how to calculate the metric using the average fixed cost formula. We will also show you its application by demonstrating some examples.
What is average fixed cost?
The average fixed cost is defined as the amount of fixed cost a company spends for each of the products it produces or sells on average in a given period. It can be calculated by dividing the total fixed cost of the company by the number of items it produces or sells.
Fixed costs are expenses the company will incur regardless of the number of items it produces. Hence, fixed costs are considered less flexible than variable costs. And this is why most companies put a lot of their focus on minimizing their fixed costs.
How to calculate average fixed cost — Average fixed cost formula
We should now talk about how to find the average fixed cost. Now, let's take Company Alpha with the following details as our example for the average fixed cost calculation:
 Name: Company Alpha
 Total fixed cost: $250,000
 Number of units: 20,000
You can calculate the average fixed cost in three steps:

Determine the total fixed cost.
The total fixed cost is the amount of fixed costs the company has paid. The
total fixed cost
for Company Alpha is$250,000
. 
Determine the number of units.
The number of units is the number of items produced or sold by the company. The Company Alpha's
number of units
is20,000
. 
Calculate the average fixed cost.
The last step is to calculate the
average fixed cost
using the average fixed cost equation:average fixed cost = total fixed cost / number of units
Hence, the
average fixed cost
for Company Alpha is$250,000 / 20,000 = $12.50
.
Why is it important to calculate the average fixed cost?
Now that you understand how to find the average fixed cost, we can discuss the importance of this metric.
The average fixed cost is highly critical to capitalintensive industries, such as the manufacturing industry, where companies have invested an enormous amount of money in purchasing fixed assets such as factories and production lines.
Calculating the average fixed cost helps a company understand how efficiently it's using its fixed assets, like buildings and machinery. Since depreciation, rent, lease costs, and possibly loan repayments are crucial components of fixed costs associated with fixed assets, dividing total fixed costs by the production output allows a company to see if it's getting the most out of its investments.
A low average fixed cost means good asset use, while a high one suggests the company might need to improve efficiency or reassess its use of assets. This insight is critical for scaling operations or improving asset usage to boost profitability.
The higher the average fixed cost, the less efficient it is for the company in utilizing its fixed assets. On the contrary, the lower the average fixed cost, the more efficient it is. You can also check out total asset turnover calculator to understand more about this topic.
Can average fixed cost be negative?
No, the average fixed cost can never be negative. This is because the fixed cost of a business and the number of items sold, which are components of the average fixed cost, can never be negative.
What is the average fixed cost if the total fixed cost is $1,000 with 20 units?
The average fixed cost is $50
. You can calculate this by dividing the total fixed cost by the number of units.
How do I calculate the average fixed cost?
You can calculate the average fixed cost in three steps:

Determine the total fixed cost.

Determine the number of units.

Apply the average fixed cost equation:
average fixed cost = total fixed cost / number of units
What are fixed costs?
Fixed costs are expenses incurred by businesses that are not dependent on the number of items sold or produced. Some examples are rent, depreciation, lease, or overhead costs such as salaries.
What are variable costs?
Variable costs are business expenses that are dependent on the number of items sold or produced. The most common variable costs are material costs and commissions.