# PPM Calculator

Created by Bogna Szyk
Reviewed by Rijk de Wet
Last updated: Jul 23, 2023

If percentages, per mills, and parts per million still confuse you, give this PPM calculator a shot. It is a simple tool that can be used for conversion from PPM to units such as percent or parts per billion (PPB). In this article, we will provide you with a short description of each proportion metric and give you a detailed explanation of how to calculate PPM and percentages.

## How to calculate PPM and percents

All of the proportion metrics are quite similar: they describe small values of dimensionless quantities, such as the volumetric proportion of $\text{NO}_2$ in the air. For example, PPM means "parts per million". If you find out that the concentration of $\text{NO}_2$ is equal to 1 ppm, it means that if you take a "sample" of air and divide it into a million parts, one of them will consist of $\text{NO}_2$.

The proportion metrics are as follows:

• Percentage: equal to 1 per 100;
• Permille: equal to 1 per 1,000;
• PPM: equal to 1 per 1,000,000;
• PPB: equal to 1 per 1,000,000,000; and
• PPT: equal to 1 per 1,000,000,000,000.

## PPM conversion: an example

Let's take the following example: you have created a solution of salt ($\text{NaCl}$) in water. You used 0.005 grams of salt, and the final mass of the solution is equal to 1 kilogram. How many parts per million (PPM) of salt are in the solution?

1. Start with expressing the solution concentration as a decimal. There are 0.005 grams of salt in 1 kilogram (1000 grams). It means that the decimal is equal to
$\footnotesize \quad\enspace 0.005\ \text{g}\ /\ 1,\!000\ \text{g} = 0.000005$
1. To find the percentage, multiply this value by a hundred:
$\footnotesize \quad\enspace 0.000005 \times 100 \% = 0.0005\%$
1. To find the permille value, multiply the decimal by a thousand:
$\footnotesize \quad\enspace 0.000005 \times 1,\!000 ‰ = 0.005‰$
1. For the PPM, multiply the decimal by a million:
$\footnotesize \quad\enspace \begin{split} & 0.000005 \times 1,\!000,\!000\ \text{PPM} \\ &= 5\ \text{PPM} \end{split}$
1. Finally, for the PPB, multiply the decimal by a billion:
$\footnotesize \quad\enspace \begin{split} & 0.000005 \times 1,\!000,\!000,\!000\ \text{PPB} \\ &= 5,\!000\ \text{PPB} \end{split}$

One of the applications of such PPM calculations in everyday life is finding and adjusting your swimming pool's salinity. We have a salinity calculator that can help you get it just right.

💡 Check out our solution dilution calculator for all your solution dilution needs.

## FAQ

### What are PPMs?

PPMs or parts per million are a unit of measurement of concentration. A part per million corresponds to a concentration of one part of a substance per 999,999 parts of solvent, out of a total of one million. PPM are scientific units used to compare quantities with the same measurement units (moles, square meters, ...).

### What are PPM of CO₂?

Climatologists measure the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere using the parts per million. As of 2022, there are 414 PPM of CO₂ in the atmosphere. This means that for every million gas molecules in the atmosphere, 414 are carbon dioxide. In 2002 this number was 373, and before the industrial revolution, around 285.

### How do I calculate the PPM from the percentage?

To calculate the parts per million from the percentage, multiply the value in percent by 10,000. For example, in the case of a concentration of 0.12%, the corresponding parts per million are:

0.12 × 10,000 = 1,200.

### How do I convert in the parts per notation?

To convert concentrations in the parts per notation, follow the next few steps:

2. Multiply by 100 to find the percentage (part per 100);

3. Multiply by 1,000 to find the permille (or multiply the percentage by 10);

4. Multiply by 1,000,000 to find the parts per million (PPM), or multiply the permille by 1000, or the percentage by 10,000;

5. Multiply by 1,000,000,000 to find the parts per billion (PPB);

6. Multiply by 1,000,000,000,000 to find the parts per trillion (PPT).

### How many ppm is a 0.05% bleach solution?

500 PPM. To calculate the PPM from the percentage, simply multiply the value in percent by 10,000:

PPM = % × 10,000
0.05 × 10,000 = 500

This concentration of bleach is suitable for disinfection: if you need to sanitize a surface, prepare it, but be careful doing so!

Bogna Szyk
Number
%
PPM
PPB
PPT
People also viewed…