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With our tax bracket calculator, you can quickly check which tax bracket you are in and find the federal income tax on your income. Besides, you can check how the final amount is computed and the final tax rate applied to your net income for better insight.

Read further, and we will show you the tax brackets for 2024 besides 2021, 2022, and 2023 and explain how to calculate tax brackets so you can better understand how tax brackets work. In addition, since you can compute the effective tax rate on your income, you can also use the present tool as an income tax rate calculator.

If you would like to check how much tax would be on a lottery prize, check our lottery tax calculator or apply the sales tax calculator to compute the tax amount when you make a purchase.

How do tax brackets work?

The federal government imposes the federal income tax for individuals in the United States and determines different tax rates depending on the income earned in a given year. The tax rates are applied to different income ranges, which form the so-called federal tax brackets. The structure of the US tax brackets conforms to the progressive tax system, which ensures that all taxpayers pay the same rates on the same levels of taxable income. Progressive taxation aims at reducing income inequality since people with lower incomes pay less tax.

Since real incomes change with the overall price level, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) adjusts US income tax brackets year by year. Updating tax brackets helps avoid a so-called bracket creep, a situation when someone falls in a higher income tax bracket due to inflation. Until 2018 the IRS applied the Consumer Price Index (CPI) to measure inflation. However, with the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, the IRS now employs the Chained Consumer Price Index (C-CPI) to adjust federal tax brackets.

What tax bracket am I in? – How to apply the tax bracket calculator

It is straightforward to use the tax bracket calculator as you need to set only three parameters:

  1. Choose the reference year you want to find your tax bracket for. For example, you might want to know what the tax bracket for 2023 is.
  2. Set the filings status that applies to you.
  3. Give the taxable net income you earned in the given year.
  4. Add the total deductions to reduce the taxable income – Note that if you don't set a deduction or it is less than the standard deduction, the standard deduction will be considered.

You will see the result immediately after setting these variables below the income tax rate calculator. Moreover, you will see the relevant tax brackets and the effective tax rate on your total income, that is, the actual percentage of your income paid as federal income tax.

What are the tax brackets for 2024? – Income tax brackets 2024

The following tables summarize the progressively applied income tax rates in each tax bracket for 2024. We used the same figures in our 2024 tax bracket calculator, but you can even compute your tax by hand if you want to double-check.

Single filers tax brackets 2024

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $11,600

10% of taxable income

12%

$11,601 to $47,150

$1,160 plus 12% of the amount over $11,600

22%

$47,151 to $100,525

$5,426 plus 22% of the amount over $47,150

24%

$100,526 to $191,950

$17,169 plus 24% of the amount over $100,525

32%

$191,951 to $243,725

$39,111 plus 32% of the amount over $191,950

35%

$243,726 to $609,350

$55,679 plus 35% of the amount over $243,725

37%

$609,351 or more

$183,648 plus 37% of the amount over $609,350

Married filing jointly tax brackets 2024

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $23,200

10% of taxable income

12%

$23,201 to $94,300

$2,320 plus 12% of the amount over $23,200

22%

$94,301 to $201,050

$10,852 plus 22% of the amount over $94,300

24%

$201,051 to $383,900

$34,337 plus 24% of the amount over $201,050

32%

$383,901 to $487,450

$78,221 plus 32% of the amount over $383,900

35%

$487,451 to $731,200

$111,357 plus 35% of the amount over $487,450

37%

$731,201 or more

$196,670 plus 37% of the amount over $731,200

Married, filing separately tax brackets 2024

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $11,600

10% of taxable income

12%

$11,601 to $47,150

$1,160 plus 12% of the amount over $11,600

22%

$47,151 to $100,525

$5,426 plus 22% of the amount over $47,150

24%

$100,526 to $191,950

$17,169 plus 24% of the amount over $100,525

32%

$191,951 to $243,725

$39,111 plus 32% of the amount over $191,950

35%

$243,726 to $365,600

$55,679 plus 35% of the amount over $243,725

37%

$365,601 or more

$98,335 plus 37% of the amount over $365,600

Head of households tax brackets 2024

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $16,550

10% of taxable income

12%

$16,551 to $63,100

$1,655 plus 12% of the amount over $16,550

22%

$63,101 to $100,500

$7,241 plus 22% of the amount over $63,100

24%

$100,501 to $191,950

$15,469 plus 24% of the amount over $100,500

32%

$191,951 to $243,700

$37,417 plus 32% of the amount over $191,950

35%

$243,701 to $609,350

$53,977 plus 35% of the amount over $243,700

37%

$609,351 or more

$181,954 plus 37% of the amount over $609,350

What are the tax brackets for 2023? – Income tax brackets 2023

The following tables represent the income tax rates in different tax brackets we used in the 2023 tax brackets calculator.

Single filers tax brackets 2023

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $11,000

10% of taxable income

12%

$11,001 to $44,725

$1,100 plus 12% of the amount over $11,000

22%

$44,726 to $95,375

$5,147 plus 22% of the amount over $44,725

24%

$95,376 to $182,100

$16,290 plus 24% of the amount over $95,375

32%

$182,101 to $231,250

$37,104 plus 32% of the amount over $182,100

35%

$231,251 to $578,125

$52,832 plus 35% of the amount over $231,250

37%

$578,126 or more

$174,238 plus 37% of the amount over $578,125

Married, filing jointly tax brackets 2023

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Taxes owed

10%

$0 to $20,550

10% of taxable income

12%

$20,551 to $83,550

$2,055 plus 12% of the amount over $20,550

22%

$83,551 to $178,150

$9,615 plus 22% of the amount over $83,550

24%

$178,151 to $340,100

$30,427 plus 24% of the amount over $178,150

32%

$340,101 to $431,900

$69,295 plus 32% of the amount over $340,100

35%

$431,901 to $647,850

$98,671 plus 35% of the amount over $431,900

37%

$647,851 or more

$174,253.50 plus 37% of the amount over $647,850

Married, filing separately tax brackets 2023

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Taxes owed

10%

$0 to $10,275

10% of taxable income

12%

$10,276 to $41,775

$1,027.50 plus 12% of the amount over $10,275

22%

$41,776 to $89,075

$4,807.50 plus 22% of the amount over $41,775

24%

$89,076 to $170,050

$15,213.50 plus 24% of the amount over $89,075

32%

$170,051 to $215,950

$34,647.50 plus 32% of the amount over $170,050

35%

$215,951 to $323,925

$49,335.50 plus 35% of the amount over $215,950

37%

$323,926 or more

$87,126.75 plus 37% of the amount over $323,925

Head of households tax brackets 2023

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $14,650

10% of taxable income

12%

$14,651 to $55,900

$1,465 plus 12% of the amount over $14,650

22%

$55,901 to $89,050

$6,415 plus 22% of the amount over $55,900

24%

$89,051 to $170,050

$13,708 plus 24% of the amount over $89,050

32%

$170,051 to $215,950

$33,148 plus 32% of the amount over $170,050

35%

$215,951 to $539,900

$47,836 plus 35% of the amount over $215,950

37%

$539,901 or more

$161,218.50 plus 37% of the amount over $539,900

What are the tax brackets for 2022? – Income tax brackets 2022

The following tables represent the income tax rates in different tax brackets we used in the 2022 tax brackets calculator.

Single filers tax brackets 2022

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $10,275

10% of taxable income

12%

$10,276 to $41,775

$1,027.50 plus 12% of the amount over $10,275

22%

$41,776 to $89,075

$4,807.50 plus 22% of the amount over $41,775

24%

$89,076 to $170,050

$15,213.50 plus 24% of the amount over $89,075

32%

$170,051 to $215,950

$34,647.50 plus 32% of the amount over $170,050

35%

$215,951 to $539,900

$49,335.50 plus 35% of the amount over $215,950

37%

$539,901 or more

$162,718 plus 37% of the amount over $539,900

Married, filing jointly tax brackets 2022

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Taxes owed

10%

$0 to $20,550

10% of taxable income

12%

$20,551 to $83,550

$2,055 plus 12% of the amount over $20,550

22%

$83,551 to $178,150

$9,615 plus 22% of the amount over $83,550

24%

$178,151 to $340,100

$30,427 plus 24% of the amount over $178,150

32%

$340,101 to $431,900

$69,295 plus 32% of the amount over $340,100

35%

$431,901 to $647,850

$98,671 plus 35% of the amount over $431,900

37%

$647,851 or more

$174,253.50 plus 37% of the amount over $647,850

Married, filing separately tax brackets 2022

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Taxes owed

10%

$0 to $10,275

10% of taxable income

12%

$10,276 to $41,775

$1,027.50 plus 12% of the amount over $10,275

22%

$41,776 to $89,075

$4,807.50 plus 22% of the amount over $41,775

24%

$89,076 to $170,050

$15,213.50 plus 24% of the amount over $89,075

32%

$170,051 to $215,950

$34,647.50 plus 32% of the amount over $170,050

35%

$215,951 to $323,925

$49,335.50 plus 35% of the amount over $215,950

37%

$323,926 or more

$87,126.75 plus 37% of the amount over $323,925

Head of households tax brackets 2022

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $14,650

10% of taxable income

12%

$14,651 to $55,900

$1,465 plus 12% of the amount over $14,650

22%

$55,901 to $89,050

$6,415 plus 22% of the amount over $55,900

24%

$89,051 to $170,050

$13,708 plus 24% of the amount over $89,050

32%

$170,051 to $215,950

$33,148 plus 32% of the amount over $170,050

35%

$215,951 to $539,900

$47,836 plus 35% of the amount over $215,950

37%

$539,901 or more

$161,218.50 plus 37% of the amount over $539,900

What are the tax brackets for 2021? – Income tax brackets 2021

The following tables represent the income tax rates in different tax brackets we used in the 2021 tax brackets calculator.

Single filers tax brackets 2021

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $9,950

10% of taxable income

12%

$9,951 to $40,525

$995 plus 12% of the amount over $9,950

22%

$40,526 to $86,375

$4,664 plus 22% of the amount over $40,525

24%

$86,376 to $164,925

$14,751 plus 24% of the amount over $86,375

32%

$164,926 to $209,425

$33,603 plus 32% of the amount over $164,925

35%

$209,426 to $523,600

$47,843 plus 35% of the amount over $209,425

37%

$523,601 or more

$157,804.25 plus 37% of the amount over $523,600

Married, filing jointly tax brackets 2021

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $19,900

10% of taxable income

12%

$19,901 to $81,050

$1,990 plus 12% of the amount over $19,900

22%

$81,051 to $172,750

$9,328 plus 22% of the amount over $81,050

24%

$172,751 to $329,850

$29,502 plus 24% of the amount over $172,750

32%

$329,851 to $418,850

$67,206 plus 32% of the amount over $329,850

35%

$418,851 to $628,300

$95,686 plus 35% of the amount over $418,850

37%

$628,301 or more

$168,993.50 plus 37% of the amount over $628,300

Married, filing separately tax brackets 2021

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $9,950

10% of taxable income

12%

$9,951 to $40,525

$995 plus 12% of the amount over $9,950

22%

$40,526 to $86,375

$4,664 plus 22% of the amount over $40,525

24%

$86,376 to $164,925

$14,751 plus 24% of the amount over $86,375

32%

$164,926 to $209,425

$33,603 plus 32% of the amount over $164,925

35%

$209,426 to $314,150

$47,843 plus 35% of the amount over $209,425

37%

$314,151 or more

$84,496.75 plus 37% of the amount over $314,150

Head of households tax brackets 2021

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

10%

$0 to $14,200

10% of taxable income

12%

$14,201 to $54,200

$1,420 plus 12% of the amount over $14,200

22%

$54,201 to $86,350

$6,220 plus 22% of the amount over $54,200

24%

$86,351 to $164,900

$13,293 plus 24% of the amount over $86,350

32%

$164,901 to $209,400

$32,145 plus 32% of the amount over $164,900

35%

$209,401 to $523,600

$46,385 plus 35% of the amount over $209,400

37%

$523,601 or more

$156,355 plus 37% of the amount over $523,600

What are the standard deductions?

The standard deduction reduces your taxable income leading to a lower federal tax bill. The following tables represent the standard deductions in different tax brackets. If your standard deduction exceeds the total of the itemized deductions, it makes sense to claim the standard deduction.

Standard deduction 2024

Filing status

2024 standard deduction

Single

$14,600

Married filing jointly

$29,200

Married filing separately

$14,600

Head of household

$21,900

Standard deduction 2023

Filing status

2023 standard deduction

Single

$13,850

Married filing jointly

$27,700

Married filing separately

$13,850

Head of household

$20,800

Standard deduction 2022

Filing status

2022 standard deduction

Single

$12,950

Married filing jointly

$25,900

Married filing separately

$12,950

Head of household

$19,400

Standard deduction 2021

Filing status

2021 standard deduction

Single

$12,550

Married filing jointly

$25,100

Married filing separately

$12,550

Head of household

$18,800

FAQ

Why tax brackets are constructed?

The US government created the federal income tax brackets to tax people with higher income levels differently. This type of system is called progressive taxation, which aims at reducing income inequalities in a given country.

What tax bracket am I in if my taxable income was $30,000 in 2023?

If your taxable income was $30,000 in 2023 and you are a single filing, your income falls into the following two tax brackets:

  • Between $0-$11,000 – $11,000 of your income is taxed at a 10% rate, which is $1,100; and
  • Between $11,001-$30,000 – The remaining $19,000 of your income is taxed at a 12% rate, which is $2,280.

In total, your federal income tax will be $3,380.

What tax bracket am I in if my taxable income was $50,000 in 2023?

If your taxable income was $50,000 in 2023 and you are a single filing, your income falls into the following three tax brackets:

  • Between $0-$11,000 – $11,000 of your income is taxed at a 10% rate, which is $1,100;
  • Between $11,001-$44,725 – $33,725 of your income is taxed at a 12% rate, which is $4,047;
  • Between $44,726-$50,000 – The remaining $5,275 of your income is taxed at a 22% rate, which is $1,161.

In total, your federal income tax will be $6,308.

What tax bracket am I in if my income was $100,000 in 2023 and I'm married, filing jointly?

If your taxable income was $100,000 in 2023 and you are married filing jointly, your income falls into the following three tax brackets:

  • Between $0-$22,000 – $22,000 of your income is taxed at a 10% rate, which is $2,200;
  • Between $22,001-$89,450 – $67,450 of your income is taxed at a 12% rate, which is $8,094;
  • Between $89,451-$100,000 – The remaining $10,550 of your income is taxed at a 22% rate, which is $2,321.

In total, your federal income tax will be $12,615.

Tax bracket calculator disclaimer

You should consider the tax bracket calculator as a model for approximation. All payment figures are estimates based on the data you provided in the specifications that are, despite our best effort, not exhaustive.

For this reason, we created the calculator for instructional purposes only. Still, if you experience a relevant drawback or encounter an inaccuracy, we are always pleased to receive useful feedback and advice.

Tibor Pál, PhD candidate
Related calculators
Year
2023
Filing status
Single
Total taxable income
$
Deductions
$
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